get “ERROR: Can't get master address from ZooKeeper; znode data == null” when using Hbase shell


I installed Hadoop2.2.0 and Hbase0.98.0 and here is what I do :

$ ./bin/start-hbase.sh 

$ ./bin/hbase shell

2.0.0-p353 :001 > list

then I got this:

ERROR: Can't get master address from ZooKeeper; znode data == null

Why am I getting this error ? Another question: do I need to run ./sbin/start-dfs.sh and ./sbin/start-yarn.sh before I run base ?

Also, what are used ./sbin/start-dfs.sh and ./sbin/start-yarn.sh for ?

Here is some of my conf doc :

hbase-sites.xml

<configuration>
    <property>
        <name>hbase.rootdir</name>
        <value>hdfs://127.0.0.1:9000/hbase</value>
    </property>
    <property>
        <name>hbase.cluster.distributed</name>
        <value>true</value>
    </property>

    <property>
        <name>hbase.tmp.dir</name>
        <value>/Users/apple/Documents/tools/hbase-tmpdir/hbase-data</value>
    </property>
    <property>
        <name>hbase.zookeeper.quorum</name>
        <value>localhost</value>
    </property>
    <property>
        <name>hbase.zookeeper.property.dataDir</name>
        <value>/Users/apple/Documents/tools/hbase-zookeeper/zookeeper</value>
    </property>
</configuration>

core-sites.xml

<configuration>

  <property>
      <name>fs.defaultFS</name>
      <value>hdfs://localhost:9000</value>
      <description>The name of the default file system.</description>
  </property>

  <property>
      <name>hadoop.tmp.dir</name>
      <value>/Users/micmiu/tmp/hadoop</value>
      <description>A base for other temporary directories.</description>
  </property>

  <property>
      <name>io.native.lib.available</name>
      <value>false</value>
  </property>

</configuration>

yarn-sites.xml

<configuration>

    <property>
        <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services</name>
        <value>mapreduce_shuffle</value>
    </property>

    <property>
        <name>yarn.nodemanager.aux-services.mapreduce.shuffle.class</name>
        <value>org.apache.hadoop.mapred.ShuffleHandler</value>
    </property>

</configuration>

Answers:


If you just want to run HBase without going into Zookeeper management for standalone HBase, then remove all the property blocks from hbase-site.xml except the property block named hbase.rootdir.

Now run /bin/start-hbase.sh. HBase comes with its own Zookeeper, which gets started when you run /bin/start-hbase.sh, which will suffice if you are trying to get around things for the first time. Later you can put distributed mode configurations for Zookeeper.

You only need to run /sbin/start-dfs.sh for running HBase since the value of hbase.rootdir is set to hdfs://127.0.0.1:9000/hbase in your hbase-site.xml. If you change it to some location on local the filesystem using file:///some_location_on_local_filesystem, then you don't even need to run /sbin/start-dfs.sh.

hdfs://127.0.0.1:9000/hbase says it's a place on HDFS and /sbin/start-dfs.sh starts namenode and datanode which provides underlying API to access the HDFS file system. For knowing about Yarn, please look at http://hadoop.apache.org/docs/r2.3.0/hadoop-yarn/hadoop-yarn-site/YARN.html.