Recognize open and closed shapes opencv


how to detect open and closed shapes in opencv.

enter image description here

These are simple sample shapes I want to detect. I have detected rectangle using findContours and approxPolyDP and than checking for angle between vectors.

Now I want to detect the open shape, approxPolyDP function has bool for closed shape set to true, and also there is a check for isCounterConvex on the points returned, plus contourArea limitation.

Any ideas how should I go on detecting images of these kind.


Answers:


Just use findContours() in your image, then decide whether the contour is closed or not by examining the hierarchy passed to the findContours() function. From the second figure it is clearer that no contour has child contour as compared to the first image, you will get this data from hierarchy parameter which is optional output vector, containing information about the image topology. It has as many elements as the number of contours.

Here we will use hierarchy as

vector< Vec4i > hierarchy

where for an i-th contour

hierarchy[i][0] = next contour at the same hierarchical level
hierarchy[i][1] = previous contour at the same hierarchical level
hierarchy[i][2] = denotes its first child contour
hierarchy[i][3] = denotes index of its parent contour

If for the contour i there are no next, previous, parent, or nested contours, the corresponding elements of hierarchy[i] will be negative. See findContours() function for more details.

So by checking the value hierarchy[i][2] you can decide the contour belongs to closed or not, that is for a contour if the hierarchy[i][2] = -1 then no child and it belongs to opened.

And one more thing is that in findContours() function you should use CV_RETR_CCOMP which retrieves all of the contours and organizes them into a two-level hierarchy.

Here is the C++ code how to implement this.

    Mat tmp,thr;
    Mat src=imread("1.png",1);
    cvtColor(src,tmp,CV_BGR2GRAY);
    threshold(tmp,thr,200,255,THRESH_BINARY_INV);

    vector< vector <Point> > contours; // Vector for storing contour
    vector< Vec4i > hierarchy;
    findContours( thr, contours, hierarchy,CV_RETR_CCOMP, CV_CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE );

    for( int i = 0; i< contours.size(); i=hierarchy[i][0] ) // iterate through each contour.
    {
        Rect r= boundingRect(contours[i]);
        if(hierarchy[i][2]<0) //Check if there is a child contour
          rectangle(src,Point(r.x-10,r.y-10), Point(r.x+r.width+10,r.y+r.height+10), Scalar(0,0,255),2,8,0); //Opened contour
        else
          rectangle(src,Point(r.x-10,r.y-10), Point(r.x+r.width+10,r.y+r.height+10), Scalar(0,255,0),2,8,0); //closed contour
    }

Result:

enter image description here